How to enable device encryption on Windows 10 Home

Unfortunately, Windows 10 Home doesn’t have BitLocker-like encryption functionality, but you can still protect files and folders using the built-in device encryption feature.

BitLocker is only available for Windows 10 Pro and Enterprise edition, while Device encryption is available on all the editions of Windows 10. However, BitLocker offers some extra management tools.

Device encryption is similar to BitLocker; when it is enabled, it protects your data from unauthorized access if your computer is stolen or lost. When you allow device encryption on the system drive, the entire disk gets password-protected. Only the person who knows the correct password can access the data.

In this guide, we’ll walk you through how to enable device encryption on Windows 10 Home edition to protect files, folders, and drives.

How to Encrypt entire Disk on Windows 10 Home

Encryption helps to protect the data from unauthorized access. If you’re not using Windows 10, probably “Device encryption” will not be available on your device. In this situation, you can use standard BitLocker encryption.

Although BitLocker is not available on Windows 10 Home, you can take the advantage of the “Device Encryption” option that is available on all the editions of the Windows 10.

Note: To use the “Device Encryption”, your computer should meet the hardware requirements.

Device encryption requirements

TPM is a security processor that  provides additional encryption for data. Core isolation, Memory integrity, Security processor (TPM chip), and secure boot are the major parts of Windows security.

All these information you can find under the Settings > Update & Security > Windows Security > Device Security.

Check device encryption support

You should check first, whether your device meets the hardware requirement for the device encryption. Go through the following steps to check.

  1. Press the “Window logo + R” shortcut key to open the Run Box.
  2. Type msinfo32 in the Run Box.
  3. Then, hit the Enter button on the keyboard.
  4. This will open the System Information window.
  5. Find the “Device Encryption Support” item, and if its value is “Meets prerequisites”, then your computer supports device encryption.
Check device encryption support Windows 10 home

Enable TPM if not enabled

If you have checked, your device has a TPM chip, but it’s not enabled. Don’t worry; the following steps will show you how to enable the TPM security chip.

  1. First of all, boot Windows 10 in the advanced recovery mode.
  2. Select the Troubleshoot option when you are asked to choose an option in recovery mode.
  3. Then, select Advanced options.
  4. Click the UEFI Firmware Settings.
  5. Then, click the Restart button to open the UEFI Firmware Settings.
  6. In the Firmware settings, navigate to the Security settings.
  7. Enable support for the TPM.
  8. Save and restart the computer.

Note: If you didn’t find TPM chip settings, you should contact the manufacturer support team to get help.

Enable Device Encryption on Windows 10 Home

To enable the Device Encryption on your Windows 10 home computer, follow the below steps.

  1. Open Windows 10’s settings.
  2. Click the Update & Security.
  3. Then, click the Device encryption. (If the device encryption option is not available, it means your computer doesn’t support this)
  4. Under the “Device encryption” section, click the Turn on button to enable the encryption.
Enable Device Encryption on Windows 10 Home

Once you’ve enabled the Device encryption, Windows will encrypt all the current files and the future files you store on your personal computer.

If your computer doesn’t support device encryption, don’t worry, you can secure your files and folders using third-party software

Disable Device Encryption

To disable the Device Encryption on your Windows 10 home computer, follow the below steps.

  1. Open Windows 10’s settings.
  2. Click the Update & Security.
  3. Select the Device encryption.
  4. Under the “Device encryption” section, click the Turn off button to disable the encryption.
  5. Accept the confirmation while clicking the Turn off button again.
Disable Device Encryption support on Windows 10 home

Once you’ve turned off the device encryption, Windows will start the decryption process, this may take a long time depending on the amount of data you have on your computer disk.

I hope this guide is helpful for you; for any doubt, feel free to comment below.

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